The Orange Revolution has been a major landmark in shaping the politics of present day Ukraine .
Peter Dickinson in “Atlantic Council ” noted that it changed the thinking of Ukrainians in a profound
manner as they perceived themselves .In the aftermath of rigged Presidential election of 2004
,thousands of Ukrainians demonstrated nationwide from November of 2004 to December of 2005 ,daily,
to overturn the election results .It was one of the largest civil movements in the history of Ukraine .
Revote was ordered by the Supreme Court of Ukraine and the anti incumbent , Victor Yushchenko won
with a comfortable majority
Back Story Of Orange Revolution
In the late 90s and early 2000 ,Kuchma was the , Pro Russia President of Ukraine and it was witnessing
one of the worst inflation of about 10,000 percent Katya Gorchinskaya wrote in Eurasianet , that the
country was gradually being propelled towards Oligarchy and “Democracy , was only for the few .
“Kuchma was embroiled in corruption and country was witnessing lawlessness to the extreme .
The most difficult political moment occurred when the crusading journalist against Kuchma ,Georgiy
Gongadze ,was kidnapped and months later his decapitated body was found in Kyiv .
The slogan of “Ukraine without Kuchma ” took momentum and it was an important precursor to
“The Orange Revolution “
Kuchma could not handle the heat any more and abandoned his third term as President but installed a
person of dubious background ,Victor Yanukovich ,whose activities were not dissimilar to his own .
Yanukovich’s main rival was Victor Yushchenko .
He was a clever banker with a previous term as prime minister in Kuchma era .
His campaign color was orange , hence the name Orange Revolution
The Protests , whose main agenda was upholding democratic values , a separate identity from USSR
fair elections and independent press could pick up momentum ,as here , the diversity card of
Ukraine played a major role .
The Bust Of ” Orange Dream “
After the Orange Revolution , expectations were high that the country would be run by its own people
and for the common good, but unfortunately that was not destined to be .
As they say ,Money and Power spares no one .
Yushchenko fell prey not only to corruption but he also lacked skills of personnel management ,
political shrewdness and perseverance
There was bitter infighting between Yushchenko and his prime minister Tymoshenko and in 2005
Yushchenko dismissed the entire government
Following which , coalition government came and went and for a period , Ukraine had no proper governance
In 2006 , Yushchenko , joined hands with Yanukowich and he joined as former’s prime minister
The ultimate demise of the Revolution happened in 2010 when Yanukowich returned with a comfortable majority .
Yanukowich , behaved exactly as he was supposed to .
During his four years of presidency , Yanukowich , stole $ 100 billion and most of it went abroad .
Though all the goals of the Revolution were not fulfilled but Ukraine emerged as a more mature nation
paving the path for a stronger national identity .
We will continue this fascinating conversation in our next blog
Hope you all have a great weekend ahead